8/27/08

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The Epic of Gilgamesh c. 2150 BCE


The Book of the Dead (trans. and ed. E.A. Wallis Budge) c. 1600 BCE


The Bible (King James Version) c. 1450 BCE - 95 AD


The Iliad by Homer (trans. William Cowper) c. 800 BCE


The Odyssey by Homer (trans. William Cowper) c. 800 BCE


Aesop’s Fables c. 650 BCE, first collected c. 300 BCE


Mahabharata c. 500 - 400 BCE


Ramayana (trans. Ralph T.H. Griffith) c. 500 - 100 BCE


The Oresteia by Aeschylus 458 BCE


Medea by Euripides 431 BCE


Alcestis by Euripides 438 BCE


Oedipus at Colonus by Sophocles (trans. Francis Storr) 406 BCE

Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) by Sophocles (trans. Francis Storr) 429 BCE


Antigone by Sophocles (trans. Francis Storr) 442 BCE
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Lysistrata by Aristophanes 411 BCE
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The Birds by Aristophanes 414 BCE
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The Argonautica by Apollonius of Rhodes c. 300 BCE
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Metamorphoses by Ovid (trans. Sir Samuel Garth, John Dryden et al.) 8 AD
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Aeneid by Virgil (trans. E. Fairfax Taylor) 19 BCE
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The Golden Ass by Apuleius c. 158 - 190
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Beowulf (trans. Francis Barton ) c. 700 - 1000
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A Thousand and One Nights (The Arabian Nights/The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night) (trans. Sir Richard Francis Burton) c. 800 - 900
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The Mabinogion (trans. Lady Charlotte Schreiber) c. 1060 - 1200
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The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki c. 1185 - 1333
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Nibelungenlied (Song of the Nibelungs) (trans. George Henry Needler) c. 1200
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The Divine Comedy by Dante Aligheri 1321
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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (trans. Paul Deane) c. 1350 - 1400
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The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio (trans. John Payne ) 1353
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The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer 1380s - 1390s
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Le Morte D'Arthur by Sir Thomas Mallory vol. 1; vol. 2 1470
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Gargantua and Pantagruel by Francois Rabelais 1532
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The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser 1590
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Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe 1604 quarto; 1616 quarto 1592
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Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare c. 1595
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A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare c. 1595
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The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare 1596
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Henry IV, Part I by William Shakespeare 1597
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Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare 1599
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As You Like It by William Shakespeare 1599
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Hamlet by William Shakespeare c. 1600
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Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare 1601
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Othello by William Shakespeare c. 1603
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Macbeth by William Shakespeare c. 1603 - 1606
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King Lear by William Shakespeare c. 1603 - 1606
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Antony and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare c. 1603 - 1607
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Don Quixote by Miguel Cervantes (trans. John Ormsby) 1604
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The Tempest by William Shakespeare c. 1611
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The Misanthrope by Moliere 1666
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Paradise Lost by John Milton 1667
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The Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan 1678
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Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe 1719
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Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe 1722
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Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift 1726
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Pamela by Samuel Richardson 1740
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Clarissa by Samuel Richardson: vol. 1; vol. 2; vol. 3; vol. 4; vol. 5; vol. 6; vol. 7; vol. 8; vol. 9 1748
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Fanny Hill by John Cleland 1748
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Tom Jones by Henry Fielding 1749
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Candide by Voltaire 1751
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Dream of the Red Chamber (also translated as The Story of the Stone) by Cao Zhan: vol. 1; vol. 2 mid-18th century
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Tristram Shandy by Lawrence Sterne 1759 - 1769
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The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole 1764
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The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1774
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The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe 1794
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Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen 1811
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Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen 1813
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Waverley by Sir Walter Scott 1814
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Emma by Jane Austen 1816
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Persuasion by Jane Austen 1816
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Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley 1818
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Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott 1819
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Faust by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (trans. Bayard Taylor ) 1829
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The Red and the Black by Stendhal 1830
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The Hunchback of Notre Dame by Victor Hugo (trans. Isabel Hapgood) 1831
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Eugene Onegin by Alexander Pushkin (trans. Henry Spalding ) 1832
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Kalevala by Elias Lonnrot 1835 (though based on older oral literature)
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Father Goriot (Pere Goriot) by Honore de Balzac 1835
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Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens 1838
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The Charterhouse of Parma by Stendhal 1839
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Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol 1842
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A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens 1843
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The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas, pere 1844
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The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, pere 1844
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Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray 1847 - 1848
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Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte 1847
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Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte 1847
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The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne 1850
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David Copperfield by Charles Dickens 1850
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Moby-Dick by Herman Melville 1851
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Bleak House by Charles Dickens 1852 - 1853
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Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert (trans. Eleanor Aveling ) 1856
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Barchester Towers by Anthony Trollope 1857
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Phantastes by George Macdonald 1858
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Oblomov by Victor Goncharov 1859
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A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens 1859
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The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot 1860
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Great Expectations by Charles Dickens 1860 - 1861
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Les Miserables by Victor Hugo 1862
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Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev 1862
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Crime and Punishment by Feodor Dostoevsky (trans. Constance Garnett ) 1866
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The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins 1868
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War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy (trans. Louise and Aylmer Maude ) 1869
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The Idiot by Feodor Dostoevsky (trans. Eva Martin ) 1869
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Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne 1870
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Erewhon by Samuel Butler 1872
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The Possessed (also translated as The Devils or Demons) by Feodor Dostoevsky 1872
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Middlemarch by George Eliot 1872
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Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne 1873
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Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy (trans. Constance Garnett ) 1873 - 1877
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A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen 1879
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The Brothers Karamazov by Feodor Dostoevsky (trans. Constance Garnett ) 1880
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Germinal by Emile Zola 1885
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Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson 1886
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Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 1887 - 1914
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Hunger by Knut Hamsun 1890 (trans. George Egerton)
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The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde 1890
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Tess of the D'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy 1891
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The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane 1895
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The Time Machine by H.G. Wells 1895
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Jude the Obscure by Thomas Hardy 1895
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The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde 1895
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The Island of Doctor Moreau by H.G. Wells 1896
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Dracula by Bram Stoker 1897
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The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells 1898
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Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad 1899
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Lord Jim by Joseph Conrad 1900
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Sister Carrie by Theodore Dreiser 1900
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Kim by Rudyard Kipling 1900 - 1901
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The Way of All Flesh by Samuel Butler 1903
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Nostromo by Joseph Conrad 1904
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The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux 1909 - 1910
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Remembrance of Things Past (also translated as In Search of Lost Time) by Marcel Proust (trans. M. Scott Moncrieff) 1909 - 1922
-Swann’s Way
-Within a Budding Grove
-The Guermantes Way
-Cities of the Plain
-The Captive
-The Sweet Cheat Gone
-Time Regained (this last trans. Stephen Hudson)
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Howards End by E.M. Forster 1910
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Zuleika Dobson by Max Beerbohm 1911
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Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs 1912
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Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw 1912
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O Pioneers! by Willa Cather 1913
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Sons and Lovers by D.H. Lawrence 1913
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Dangerous Liaisons by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
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The Rainbow by D.H. Lawrence 1915
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The Thirty-Nine Steps by John Buchan 1915
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The Good Soldier by Ford Madox Ford 1915
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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce 1915
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My Antonia by Willa Cather 1918
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Winesburg, Ohio by Sherwood Anderson 1919
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The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton 1920
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Women in Love by D.H. Lawrence 1920
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Ulysses by James Joyce 1920
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The Trial by Franz Kafka (trans. David Wyllie) 1925
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The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald 1925
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Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf 1925
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To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf 1927
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The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner 1929
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Animal Farm by George Orwell 1945
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1984 by George Orwell 1949
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